Social-engineering systems thinking approach to waste management in developing countries - A Review

John Bentil

Municipal waste management has been part of the global environmental protection challenge confronting science and society at large. Studies on sustainable waste management approach often entails prioritizing economic aspects and see the environment as an entirely separate entity from humans. Technological and economic tools and solutions are indeed important, but sustainable developments require inclusion of human actions as part of interconnected web imparting on the world. This study critical reviewed existing documents on the municipal solid waste management systems from both the developed and developing nations, and postulated the “Socio-Engineering Systems” approach for sustainable waste management in the developing world.